Let's start our exploration by opening up the general subject index sociological abstracts in the applied demography guide. Most library databases allow you to define where you want to search. We will be focusing on anywhere and subject searching. By opening up the advanced search, you'll see that there's a dropdown menu that offers many choices of different fields that you can search. We'll be talking about anywhere and the field, subject heading searching.
Let's start by searching anywhere for the term, poverty rate. One of the first things that we need to address is, what does anywhere searching mean? Looking at some of the records, you'll see some of our terms highlighted in the descriptions. However, opening up this particular record, you'll notice that neither one of our terms actually shows up in the description of this particular article. What this means is that somewhere embedded in the full text of the document and not in the record, these terms are being used.
Anywhere searching can be a very powerful way to search if used appropriately-- for example, looking for rare terms or even expanding your search when you get fewer results than you would like. In this case, we're going to use it to help us find relevant subject tags to help us search more efficiently. Scrolling down the page, you'll see a facet called subjects. Each of these subjects that you see listed are used to tag the articles in this results set. You can sort these subjects alphabetically by subject, and also by count.
We're actually going to select, poverty. But it is a good idea to look through this list to see whether or not there are other meaningful terms that you may want to use. You can write these down on a separate document to keep track of them for future searches. Let's go ahead and apply poverty. And see what happens.
It's important to note that by selecting misfeature at this point in your search process that what you're actually doing is narrowing your search to identify articles in that results set that are tagged with poverty. This is why it's helpful to write down the subject terms, so that if you want to go back to your advanced search and search for the term, poverty, in a subject heading, you'll notice that our search increased exponentially. We retrieved over 30,000 records that have the word, poverty, in the subject or descriptor field of each one of these records.
This is an important difference between anywhere and subject field searching. The term has to be in the field. Anywhere means that that term can be anywhere, even in the full text. You can reduce the number of records by combining this term with another term that you may have written down earlier. But you may want to keep in mind, as you are doing this strategy, that simply changing that other term to anywhere or subject can allow you to explore further ways that you can bind these terms.
For example, if I want to go back to my Advanced Search and search for the term, rate, and indicate that it must be in the subject getting, this will retrieve me a certain number of records. If I simply take off "SU" and say that that term can show up anywhere, then you can see that I increase the number of records that I retrieve. Let's start our search again by going back to anywhere, search for poverty rate.
You'll notice on the left hand side, there are many facets that you can use to narrow down your search. We already explored the subject lower down. The two that I want to point out in this part of the video is document type and also scholarly journals. What we want to do is we want to limit our results set to only articles that are found in scholarly journals. The problem is that there are many articles that are written in scholarly journals that aren't necessarily peer reviewed.
So you'll notice you can actually select peer reviewed articles. To demonstrate that, if you click on Document Types, you can see all of the different types of articles. There are feature articles, review articles. These are book reviews that we talked about in an earlier video. So what we want to do is we want go down and select, Peer Reviewed.
This is the type of article that we're looking for to enhance our demographic report. There are many articles in scholarly journals, as I have said, in book reviews or columns that don't necessarily go through a review process. Finally, I would like to recommend exploring the location facet. The reason that I initially chose to do an anywhere search for my term is that I wanted a very general search, so that I could explore and possibly find some gems, specifically focusing on a location or a region that I might be interested in.
So for example, if I click on the More Options, I scroll down. I can see many areas. If I select only articles that have a location, China, this provides me an opportunity then again to use, Select Subject. And then I can look for articles that have been tagged again with poverty. You may not find your specific geographic area using this strategy. But it's a good idea to explore and see what you can find.
The last thing that I want to talk about is retrieving and citing articles. Looking through your result sets, you'll notice many of them are tagged with "Get It," and in some cases, the full text is available. If full text is not available. And you need to get that through the Get It feature, you're simply clicking on this get it feature. And it will determine whether or not the full text is available in another library resource, or if you simply need to request this through interlibrary loan.
Like I've said before, in most databases, there is a site feature. In this case, all you need to do is simply select an item-- or you could even select two items-- come up here and select site. And the default for this particular database is APA 6th edition. But you can see there are many other choices. You simply copy and paste this into your Word document.